The story

Ancient Greece (continued)

Ancient Greece (continued)

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The first Olympics

It was the Greeks who created the Olympic Games. Around 2500 BC, the Greeks paid homage to the gods, especially Zeus.

Athletes from the Greek city states gathered in the city of Olympia to compete in various sporting competitions: athletics, wrestling, boxing, horse racing and pentathlon (wrestling, running, long jump, javelin and discus). The winners were welcomed as heroes in their cities and earned a laurel wreath.

The Greeks sought through the Olympics for peace and harmony among the cities that made up Greek civilization.

In 392 BC, the Olympic Games and all religious manifestations of Greek polytheism were banned by the Roman emperor Theodosius I after converting to Christianity.

Olympics in ancient Greece

In the year 1896, the Olympic Games are resumed in Athens, at the initiative of the French Pierre de Fredy, known with the Baron of Coubertin. 285 athletes from 13 countries will participate in this first Olympics of the Modern Age, competing in athletics, fencing, wrestling, gymnastics, weightlifting, cycling, swimming and tennis. The winners of the races were awarded gold medals and an olive branch.

Greek mythology

A long time ago, people could not explain events from science. That is why they explained natural events from the stories of gods, goddesses and heroes. The Greeks had a story to explain the existence of evil and misfortunes. They believed that at one time all ills and misfortunes were trapped in a box. Pandora, the woman princess, opened the box and they spread around the world.

The oldest Greek myths speak of chaos (primitive confusion), of Gaia (mother earth), Ponto (the sea) and Uranus (sky). From the marriage of Uranus and Gaia were born the titans, cyclops and giants, who personified the great and powerful things of the earth: mountains, earthquakes, hurricanes, etc. The strongest of the titans, Kronos, married his sister Reia, and had six children. Fearing the rivalry of his sons, Kronos devoured them as soon as they were born, except Zeus, whom Rhea hid in a cave. When he became an adult, Zeus defeated his father and forced him to release the Cyclopes from Kronos's tyranny, and they, in return, gave him the weapons of thunder and lightning.

In addition to the gods, heroes also had the right to worship. As a result of the union between a god and a mortal (or vice versa), they were considered intermediaries between the gods and men, and were given the protection of the place where they were buried. Others were exceptional men whose very ancient deeds had become legend. We have the case of Oedipus who after being expelled from Thebes for killing his father without recognizing him, managed to respond to the Sphinx, we have in Athens Theseus who was its founder and winner of the Minotaur and Hercules, one of the most popular Greek heroes and considered as the founder of the Olympic Games. (link to attachment Greek Mythology / Gods / Heroes…)

Hercules and the Hydra

Theseus and the Minotaur