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Russian troops land on Kerch peninsula in an attempt to relieve the siege of Sebastopol
Hitler's Panzer Armies on the Eastern Front, Robert Kirchubel. A 'unit history' written on the largest scale, tracing the campaigns fought by the four Panzer Armies on the Eastern Front, from their roles in the early German victories, to their eventual defeat and destruction in the ruins of the Reich. A very useful contribution to the literature on the Eastern Front. [read full review]
December 26, 1941 – Miriam Korber
Miriam Korber was a young Jewish girl from Romania, a country that had a long history of anti-Semitism. During World War II, Romania became an ally of Nazi Germany and its government implemented anti-Jewish laws and policies of its own. In October 1941, the Romanian government began to deport Jews from Miriam’s region to a ghetto area in the city of Djurin in Transnistria. This location had been part of Ukraine, but was administered by Romania after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in the summer of 1941. Miriam began keeping a diary shortly after arriving in Djurin. As an eighteen year old writer, she brought a young adult perspective to her observations about her new situation.
Life in a romanian ghetto
On December 26, 1941, less than two months after her arrival, Miriam was contemplating the desperation of her new circumstances. She wrote, “Will we be able to survive these times? Everyone asks himself these questions, including me. Will we have the strength to get over this hardship? We manage to eat somehow, and still, everyone looks bad. And it’s getting ever colder. And still, supposedly it can get even colder here. Dad is nervous, Mom is nervous, we don’t make any money, and the money we have is just disappearing. It is two in the afternoon. It is cold in the room and I don’t know how we will resist until evening without a fire. Firewood is so expensive. I can see on everyone’s face the fear of tomorrow. What will happen?”
The coming of a harsh winter was only one of the problems facing Miriam. Unemployment and the dwindling of her family’s savings worried her as well. These problems made the near future look very bleak indeed. She was completely serious when she wondered if they would be able to survive.
Miriam and her immediate family did manage to survive the Holocaust, though many other Romanian Jews were not so fortunate. She was able to eventually return home and resume her education. In spite of everything she had gone through, she realized her childhood dream of becoming a doctor.
Miriam Korber’s diary was included in a book entitled, Salvaged Pages: Young Writers’ Diaries of the Holocaust , edited by Alexandra Zapruder.
On This Day in History, 26 декабрь
The tsunami was precipitated by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The earthquake was the third strongest earthquake ever measured using the Richter scale in recorded history. The other two were the Valdivia earthquake in Chile in 1960, with a magnitude of 9.5 and the Prince William Sound earthquake in Alaska in 1964, with a magnitude of 9.2. The Indian Ocean earthquake killed about 200,000 people and is considered one of the deadliest natural disasters in recent history.
1982 The December issue of Times magazine proclaimed the personal computer as the "Man of the Year"
The Man of the Year tradition began in 1927 at Time magazine as a way to identify and showcase those that influenced the year and its events significantly. In 1999, the feature was renamed Person of the Year.
1966 First Kwanzaa celebrations
The week-long cultural holiday is celebrated among African diaspora in the United States and was created by Maulana Karenga, a professor of Africana Studies and a key figure in the Black Power movement. The holiday is celebrated annually from December 26 to January 1, and it is a recognition of African culture and heritage.
1941 Fourth Thursday of November set as Thanksgiving Day in the US
The holiday has been celebrated officially in the United States since 1863. The first Thanksgiving is thought to have been observed by early settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony after their first harvest in 1621.
1898 The Curies announce the existence of Radium
The radioactive element has an atomic number of 88 and is known by the symbol Ra. In its pure form, it is a highly toxic element and is not used extensively for scientific purposes.
The Christmas Truce
Just after midnight on Christmas morning, the majority of German troops engaged in World War I cease firing their guns and artillery and commence to sing Christmas carols. At certain points along the eastern and western fronts, the soldiers of Russia, France, and Britain even heard brass bands joining the Germans in their joyous singing.
Watch The Christmas Truce on HISTORY Vault
At the first light of dawn, many of the German soldiers emerged from their trenches and approached the Allied lines across no-man’s-land, calling out “Merry Christmas” in their enemies’ native tongues. At first, the Allied soldiers feared it was a trick, but seeing the Germans unarmed they climbed out of their trenches and shook hands with the enemy soldiers. The men exchanged presents of cigarettes and plum puddings and sang carols and songs. There was even a documented case of soldiers from opposing sides playing a good-natured game of soccer.
The so-called Christmas Truce of 1914 came only five months after the outbreak of war in Europe and was one of the last examples of the outdated notion of chivalry between enemies in warfare. In 1915, the bloody conflict of World War I erupted in all its technological fury, and the concept of another Christmas Truce became unthinkable.
Peashooter P-26 Night Fighter Protecting Pearl Harbor, Post-Attack, December 1941
re historical trivia you can model. During the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese showed the great good sense of not wasting bombs or bullets on the half-squadron of P-26 Peashooters serving as "hacks" and based on the hard-stand at Wheeler Field, so they all survived the attack unscathed.
However, here's the rest of the story. What was shortly to become the 5th Air Force decided that these planes, while not good for much of anything else, would make do as night fighters to protect Pearl from long-range aerial snoopers - presumably flying boats, or cruiser-launched float planes (in fact, Japan did send several massive "Emily" flying boats from Kwajalein to overfly Pearl, refueling them at French Frigate Shoals from a sub). The Powers-That-Be felt the P-26's speed - a bit over 225 mph (going downhill with a tail wind) and the mixed armament of one .50 and one .30 would be sufficient to handle those nocturnal enemies.
So the surviving P-26s were painted black and actually became part of the island fortress's front line defense for a few months, until sufficient "real" fighters arrived to take their place. They were painted all black, but with the existing markings in place.
This is an early P-26 in an overall dark paint-job - the P-26 night fighter would have looked something like this, but with US Air Corps ID markings as shown in the other illustration
And no, they didn't shoot down any enemies - none over-flew Pearl before they finally received their well-earned retirement. Of course, a handful in the PI actually flew combat missions and one of them downed a Zero, proving that nothing in this world is impossible.
A rare photo of P-26s at Wheeler Field, Oahu, 1940-41, pre-attack
Late pre-war markings, OD and neutral gray, with chrome yellow wings and tail
I've found a number of published references, but no photos - the photos here show pre-attack P-26s and an early prototype which "comes out black" in the photo. The actual birds had standard US Air Corps markings, but with black paint replacing OD and Neutral Gray. Don't know if the paint was gloss or flat, but since the idea of gloss black for night camouflage came later, I assume it was whatever gloss or flat black aircraft paint they had available.
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December 26, 1941 - Image 9
as well as the Jewish Welfare
Board. They are: Rabbi James
G. Heller, president of the Cen-
tral Conference of American
Rabbis Rabbi Leon S. Lang,
president, Rabbinical Assembly
of America Rabbi Joseph S.
Lookstein, president, Rabbinical
Council of America Dr. Julian
Morganstern, president Hebrew
Union College, Cincinnati Rabbi
Stephen S. Vise, president, Jew-
ish Institute of Religion, N. Y.
Dr. Louis Finkelstein, president,
Jewish Theological Seminary,
N. Y. Rabbi Saul Silber, presi-
dent, Jewish Theological Col-
lege, Chicago Dr. Samuel Bel-
kin, dean, Isaac Elchanan Theo-
logical Seminary, N. Y. Rabbi
Nathan Stern, president, Alumni
Association of the Hebrew Union
College Rabbi Aaron Opher,
president, Alumni Association of
the Jewish Institute of Reli-
gion Robert P. Goldman, presi-
dent, Union of American He-
brew Congregations Louis J.
Moss, president, United Syna-
gogue of America William Weiss,
president, Union of Orthodox
Jewish Congregations Frank L.
Weil, president, National Jewish
Welfare Board, John M. Schiff,
chairman of its Army and Navy
Committee and Rev. Dr. David
de Solo Pool, chairman of its
committee on religious activities.
CLIFTON AVENUE • CINCINNATI 20, OHIO
DETROIT JEWISH CHRONICLE and the Legal Chronicle
MAX LIEBERMAN, PIONEER DETROIT Slosson to Speak
To Meet on Monday
JEWISH LEADER, CALLED BY DEATH At the Bnai David
Services on Jan. 2 Rabbi Schulman Will Address
Max Lieberman, a pioneer daughters, Mrs. Himon Kaplan
leader in the Jewish community and Mrs. Leonard Simons.
of Detroit, one of the outstanding
Mr. Lieberman was head of
Zionists in the city for many the Wholesale Furniture Mart at
years, (lied on Saturday evening, 629 Gratiot. He was a charter
Dec. 20, at the age of 74. He
had been ill 10 days. His late
residence was at 3005 W. Chi-
Funeral services were held
Tuesday, at 2:30 p. m., at the
home of his son, Samuel, 18985
Birchcrest. From the home of his
son, the body was taken to the
synagogue of the Jewish Home
for Aged on Burlingame and Pe-
toskey, for special services in
tribute to his ninny years of
hervice to the Home and to the
commity. Burial was in Clover
Hill Park Cemetery. Rabbi A. M.
Hershman and Cantor J. H. Son-
enklar officiated at the funeral.
Surviving Mr. Lieberman are,
besides his son Samuel, two oth-
er sons, David of Los Angeles
and Burton of Texas, and two
other substantial gifts included
one of $25,000 from Pierre Wer-
theimer, perfume magnate, a
refugee from France, and $2,500
from Mrs. Simon Guggenheim of
Books for the reading pleasure
of American soldiers and sailors
are needed now more than ever
before, Frank L. Weil, president
of the Jewish Welfare Board,
stated in endorsing the Victory
Book Campaign sponsored by the
United Service Organizations, the
American Red Cross and the
American Library Association.
Mr. Weil urged that Jewish
organizations and individuals be-
gin immediately to collect books
and magazines in their neighbor-
hoods and communities and to
forward them to the nearest
U. S. 0. agency, Red Cross chap-
ter or public library.
Sabbath Afternoon Tea, Dec. 27
Prof. Preston Slosson of the
University of Michigan will be
the guest speaker at the Friday
night gathering of Congregation
Bnai David, Elmhurst and 14th
Sts., on Friday, Jan. 2, at 8:30
Prof. Slosson is head of the
history department of the Uni-
versity of Michigan. His topic
will be "History in the Making."
Rabbi Joshua Sperka and Can-
tor Abraham Singer will partici-
pate in the program. A social
hour will follow. The public is
Palestine Airmail Re-Routed to
member of Pisgah Lodge of Bnai
Airmail routes between the
United States and Palestine have
been changed by the war in the
Far East, it was announced by
Postmaster General Frank C.
Walker, who stated that mail
from the United States to Pal-
estine and other Near East coun-
tries is now being sent by way
of the new South Atlantic line.
The previous route was the trans-
Bnai Brith Obtains 125 Torah
Scrolls for Army Chapels
WASHINGTON, D. C.—Bnai
Brith's national defense commit-
tee obtained 125 Torah Scrolls
for use in Jewish religious serv-
ices at Army chapels through-
out the country in a nation-wide
campaign launched before the
United States was attacked by
Japan, it was announced here by
Henry Monsky, Bnai Brith presi-
dent and chairman of its de-
Brith, had served on executive
boards of numerous organiza-
tions, including the Zionist Dis-
trict of Detroit, the Jewish Home
for Aged, the House of Shelter,
the Hebrew Free Loan Associa-
tion, the United Hebrew Schools
and other movements. He was a
member of the Detroit Board of
Commerce and the Art Founders
Society. He was known as a lib-
eral contributor to all causes.
Dickstein Bill Would Cancel
At the request of the Justice
Department, Congressman Sam-
uel Dickstein, chairman of the
House Immigration Committee,
introduced and the House passed
a bill giving the Justive Depart-
ment the right to cancel the
citizenship of naturalized Amer-
icans who might be considered
unduly friendly to a foreign
power. In justifying the meas-
ure, Mr. Dickstein declared that
it was intended to reach such
individuals as use their Ameri-
can citizenship to cloak subver-
Civilian Defense House Opened
by Women's Division of the
NEW YORK. — The first of
a series of civilian defense houses
for the training of women work-
ers in various phases of civilian
defense was opened at 50 W.
68th St. by the Women's Divis-
ion of the American Jewish Con-
In announcing the opening of
the home, Mrs. Stephen S. Wise,
president of the Women's Divis-
ion of the American Jewish Con-
gress, stated that branches of
the organization throughout the
country will establish similar
houses in their respective com-
munities. Additional houses will
be established within the coming
week in each of the boroughs of
New York City under the aus-
pices of the Women's Division.
To Pass on Appeals for Refu-
WASHINGTON (JPS) — A
board of two men, former Sena-
tor Robert J. Bulkley and Fred-
erick P. Keppel, has been ap-
pointed by President Roosevelt
to sift applications for entrance
of immigrants and to advise the
Visa Division of the State De-
partment whether their adthission
is compatible with national de-
fense. Called the Board of Ap-
peals on Immigration Cases, the
two-man committee will have the
task of reviewing the cases of
refugees who are endeavoring
to come to the United States.
Recent regulations provide that,
with certain exceptions, refugees
who still have relatives in Axis
countries cannot be admitted.
Winchell Gives $5,000 to the
A check for $5,000, represent-
ing his salary for a Sunday night
broadcast, was turned over to
Chairman Norman H. Davis of
the American Red Cross by Wal-
ter Winchell, columnist and ra-
dio commentator, as part of the
$50,000,000 war fund being
gathered by the Red Cross.
The Red Cross announced that
Sir Thomas Beecham, Betty
Humby with Detroit
• Symphony Orchestra
Following its holiday week of
inactivity the Detroit Symphony
Orchestra will return to its es-
tablished place in the commu-
nity's life and present three
eagerly-awaited concerts Thurs-
day night, Jan. 1 Friday after-
noon, Jan. 2, and Saturday night,
Sir Thomas Beecham, he of
the twinkling brown eyes, youth-
ful countenance and meticulously
trimmed goatee, whose success
is assured, will occupy the po-
dium for the Thursday-Friday
pair, his only appearances of the
He will bring with him a solo-
ist of his own choosing, the bril-
liant English pianist, Betty Hum-
by, who will give a first perform-
ance here of the one-movement
C Minor Concerto for Piano and
Orchestra by Frederick Delius.
Hotel Cadillac Is
One of Finest at
Miami Beach, Fla.
One of the most beautiful hos-
telries in the land is the Cadillac
Hotel, located on 39th to 40th
Sts., directly on the Ocean, in
Miami Beach, Fla.
This hotel, owned by Nathan
and Jacob Borin of Detroit, is
distinctive for the discriminating
public. It emphasizes superb
cuisine and service.
Embracing a complete seaside
resort within its own spacious
grounds, Cadillac Hotel has a
private beach and salt water pool,
Launches $300,00 Drive
NEW YORK (JPS)—A nation- cabenas and solariums, a dining
wide drive to raise $300,000 for terarce and (lance patAo, and a
the National Conference of Chris- cocktail rendezvous.
The hotel is open the entire
tians and Jews was stimulated
here with a luncheon of movie year.
C. . Eugene Haines is the man-
men addressed by Republican
director of the hotel.
leader Wendell Willkie, who as-
A descriptive brochure about
serted that wars always promote
hotel can be secured by writ-
intolerance and set one group the
mg to the Hotel in Miami Beach
If Americans "fail to preserve or to the New York booking of-
civil rights in this country a ll fice, 10 Rockefeller Plaza.
of America's sacrifices will be in
vain," Mr. Willkie warned.
Bnai Brith Auxiliary Thanks
Benes Sees Transfer of Popu-
lations as Postwar Need
Large-scale transfer of popu-
lations and elimination of na-
tional rights for minorities as
the best protection for minor-
ities are foreseen as essentials
in the organization of postwar
Europe in an article contributed
to Foreign Affairs by Edouard
Benes, president of Czechoslo-
On an American ship whose
name could not be revealed by
regulations, some 150 refugees
from Europe arrived at Jersey
City last week, the first boatload
since America entered the war.
This was the last American-
owned vessel to leave Portugal,
all other sailings having been
Ins with grateful apprecia-
tio that Pisgah Auxiliary No.
122 of Bnai Brith, acknowledges
the splendid co-operation and as-
sistance at all times of The De-
troit Jewish Chronicle.
In giving our auxiliary's ac-
tivities such fine publicity, espe-
cially its major fund raising af-
fair—the recent donor luncheon
—we feel that in no small meas-
ure the success of this event was
due to the support of your paper.
With sincere thanks and all
good wishes for a pleasant Chan-
ukah season, I am
(Mrs. Seymour Morton)
Polish Refugees Unaffected by
Enemy Alien Laws
Mrs. Solovich Will Address
Membership Tea of Bnai
Refugees from Poland are not
considered in the category of
Brith Women's Group
enemy aliens, though Poland is
now Nazi-occupied, it was stated
by William Rosenwald, president
of the National Refugee Service,
in clarifying the position of such
immigrants under the •new meas-
ures adopted to tighten America's
In referring to Polish refugees,
Mr. Rosenwald declared that the
National Refugee Service gives
almost as much assistance to this
group as to immigrants from
Germany. Inasmuch as some refu-
gees who call themselves Aus-
trians are actually from Poland,
the number of Polish Jews bene-
fitted by the N. R. S. is even
greater, he reported,
The Business and Professional
Women's Auxiliary of Bnai Brith
will hold a membership tea Sun-
(lay, Dec. 28, from 2 to 5 p.
at the home of Mrs. Max Borin,
3045 Collingwood Ave. Miss
Lillian Isaacs, accompanied by
Miss Ceil Plotnick on the piano,
will render several vocal selec-
tions. Mrs. Charles Solovich will
speak on the various activities of
Bnai Brith. All members and
their friends are invited.
Buy Defense Stamps
and Defense Bonds
The December meeting of the
Sisterhood of Congregation Beth
Tefilo Emanuel will be held Mon-
day, Dec. 29, at 1 p. m., in the
social hall of the congregation,
Woodrow Wilson corner Taylor.
A representative of the local Ci-
vilian Defense Office will outline
the work of the Red Cross Unit,
which is to be established at the
synagogue in the beginning of
Rabbi Nahum Schulman of
Congregation Shaar Hashomaim,
Windsor, will speak at the Shab-
bos afternoon tea for women on
Dec. 27, at 2:30 p. m., in the so-
cial hall of Congregation Beth
Tefilo Emanuel, T a y l o r and
Woodrow Wilson Ayes. Abraham
H. Jaffin will give readings in
The program for the Twelfth
St. neighborhood, held on alter-
nate Saturday afternoons at the
Taylor-Wilson Synagogue, as part
of a city-wide movement spon-
sored by the Women's Branch
of the Michigan Synagogue Con-
ference, is under the direction
of Mrs. Milton A. Winston.
Mothers attending the tea may
also bring their boys and girls,
ages 6-11, with them, for par-
ticipation in the Sabbath Story
Hour, sponsored by Young Ir-
rael of Detroit at Congregation
Beth Tefilo Emanuel, under the
direction of Miss Rivka Pitkow-
sky. Parents and children are
thus given an opportunity to
spend the afternoon in a Sab-
Dine at Detroit's Favorite Restaurant .
You'll enjoy our
food served in an
atmosphere of quiet
dignity. Bring the
whole family this
8210 TWELFTH ST., near Seward Ave.
Sunday Matinee and Evening, Dec. 28
Mischa Fishzon presents fhe Four Young Stars of the Yiddish Theater
In New York's Big 'Musical Comedy lilt
By ABRAHAM BLOOM Music, SAM SOLOMON
Staged by ABRAHAM LAX
SUPPORTED BY ALL STAR CAST
Wednesday Night, Dec. 31st. at 12 o'clock, NEW YEAR'S
EVE—Special Midnight Show, TANTZT YIDELECH TANTZT
and other Specialties of "Yiddishe Sande"
Tues. Eve., Jan. 6—Big Testimonial for our comedian
ABRAHAM LAX—"CHAYEMEL FROM POLAND."
Auditorium of the Educational Center
of the Workmen's Circle,
MAURICE SAMUEL, Guest Speaker
Presidents and officers of all organizations are urged to elect
or appoint their delegates immediately and inform the cam-
paign office at 12244 Dexter Blvd., telephone, Townsend
8.7710. Morris L. Scheyer is chairman of the campaign.
Vaagso Raid 26 December 1941
Post by Mark McShane » 25 Aug 2011, 02:55
Was just watching a bit of a documentary on More4 about the Commandos, I tuned in for the Vaagso raid. One ex serviceman said that there was elite Germans there taking a rest from Russia that were excellent snipers. I read then on a website that 50 crack Germans were in Vaagso at the time. Can anybody provide details as to who these elite/crack Germans were?
Re: Vaagso Raid 26 December 1941
Post by phylo_roadking » 25 Aug 2011, 17:53
Mark, Charles Messenger in his book on the Commandos mentions them as indeed being there on Christmas leave, and they were pretty hardbitten soldiers too (see P.66 of "The Commandos"), but doesn't mention their origins. tho' I've read elsewhere they were GBJ.
Lucy Pemoni/Getty Images
James and Valerie Ruff and their 18-month-old daughter Arianna, examine the edge of the "Healing Field," memorial of 2,500 flags overlooking the Arizona Memorial, during the commemoration marking the 66th anniversary of Pearl Harbor attack in 2007.
The Talco Times (Talco, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 46, Ed. 1 Friday, December 26, 1941
Weekly newspaper from Talco, Texas that includes local, state, and national news along with advertising.
eight pages : ill. page 22 x 16 in. Digitized from 35 mm. microfilm.
This newspaper is part of the collection entitled: Red River County Area Newspaper Collection and was provided by the Red River County Public Library to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 15 times. More information about this issue can be viewed below.
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Red River County Public Library
Since 1841, several Red River County libraries flourished and then abruptly terminated. Although previous libraries failed, the persistence of the community resulted in a permanent library situated in Clarksville, Texas. Today it is a source of community fortitude, enlightenment, and enjoyment, as well as the “Gateway to Texas” history and family genealogy for so many people in- and out-of-state.