Economic geography

Economic geography

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Economic geography is a branch of study linked to human geography, which explores the location, distribution and organization of economic activities in different parts of the planet. That is, it studies the diversity of economic conditions on earth.

The economics of a geographical area can be influenced by climate, geology, and political and social factors. For example, climate may influence the availability of natural resources, working conditions and productivity. Geology can affect resource availability, transportation cost, and land use conditions. Political and social institutions in each region also impact economic decisions.

Scholars in economic geography focus on the spatial aspects of economic activities at various scales. For example, analyzing distance from a city as a promising potential market for a variety of products is critical to business economic decisions. Other factors, such as access to the sea by seaports or the presence of raw materials such as oil, also affect the countries' economic conditions.

In practical terms, economic geography studies are usually segmented into three main parts:

a) the distribution of economic and productive activities over space (theoretical economic geography).
b) the history of economic structures (historical economic geography).
c) the analysis of regional economic compositions and their relationships with global dynamics (regional economic geography).

Economic geography contents

Because it is related to human geography, we make available our materials on the subject, which involve economic activities, among other related subjects, in our section of human geography.

Access our materials here